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The Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication - 4th Edition

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Become the lubrication expert in your company.
There's a good reason The Practical Handbook for Machinery Lubrication is our all-time best-selling book. It's packed with useful, actionable information that you'll put to use right away. It answers the tough questions and is written so that anyone can understand it. Once you start reading this book, you probably won't stop until you finish it. It is that easy to read.

The Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication

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  • The Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication


Become the lubrication expert in your company.
There's a good reason The Practical Handbook for Machinery Lubrication is our all-time best-selling book. It's packed with useful, actionable information that you'll put to use right away. It answers the tough questions and is written so that anyone can understand it. Once you start reading this book, you probably won't stop until you finish it. It is that easy to read.
You'll find understandable explanations of how lubricants work, what they're made of and how they break-down. You'll learn best practices for oil change intervals, filtration selection. lubricant selection and more.
Ever wondered about after market additives and supplemental oil conditioners?
Perhaps your co-workers and friends have tried to convince you to put them in problem equipment or even your vehicle.
There are hundreds of chemical additives and supplemental lubricant conditioners available today. Some people think that the claims made by these companies are unbelievable, but in certain specialized applications or industries, these additives could have a definite place in the improvement of lubrication.
In The Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication you'll learn four hard-fast rules to go by when determining if an after-market additive is right for your application. Whether you are a believer or a skeptic, if you follow these four rules, you can make the right decision. Making the right choice saves your company money and establishes you as the lubrication go-to person.
You will also find a checklist of fourteen items you should consider for any lubricated or hydraulic system.
Trying to get longer life out of lubricants or thinking about extending oil drain intervals?
Be careful. You could save you're company big money, OR you could end up the scapegoat if problems arise. But, if you know the conditions which cause oils to degrade and fail, you can avoid the embarrassment and give a clear reason why you will or won't extend oil drains.
Plus, you'll learn the five destructive conditions that could destroy your oil - even if you are using a "super lubricant".
Author           L. Leugner
Format         Paperback
Pages          253

Excrept 1

Synthetic Oil Case Study
A Canadian company engaged in the operation of several compressors experienced a problem where high temperatures caused the compressor oil to oxidize. The oxidized oil formed carbon deposits in the discharge pipes, which in turn created several discharge pipe hot spots. Conditions became such that a severe explosion occurred and a catastrophic failure resulted. Compressor oil oxidation problems have been eliminated through the use of a diester-type synthetic compressor lubricant designed to resist high temperatures and deposit formation.
Excerpt 2

Absolute Filter Ratings
An absolute rating indicates the size above which no particle of any size will pass. It does not specify the size of the smallest opening in the media, so that a filter rated at 10 micrometers absolute will do little to reduce silt particles measuring less than 10 micrometers. Also, these filters will be ineffective every time the bypass valve opens (regardless of their absolute rating) whenever they are used in full-flow applications.
Excerpt 3
Rules for Dealing With Aftermarket Additives and Supplemental Oil Conditioners - RULE #3
Increasing the percentage of a certain additive may improve one property of an oil while at the same time degrade another. Example (a) Some additives compete with each other for the same space on a wear surface. If a high concentration of a special antiwear agent is suddenly added to the oil, the corrosion inhibitor may become ineffective. The result may only be an increase in corrosion-related problems.

Table Of Contents:         

Oil Filters, Filtration and Oil Re-Conditioning
  • Filter Types
  • Surface type elements
  • Depth type elements
  • Filtration systems
  • Full flow system
  • By-pass filtration systems
  • Combination full flow and parallel circuit systems
  • Micron rating of filters
  • Nominal Rating of filters
  • Absolute filter ratings
  • Factors that affect filtration
  • Pressure drop
  • Cold oil and high viscosity startups
  • Changes in flow rates
  • Pump pulsations and mechanical vibrations
  • High combustion soot
  • Filtration system effectiveness; A check list
The Importance of Oil Changes
Self-generation of contamination in the oil
Oxidation degradation of the oil
Water contamination
Additive depletion
Incorrect of poor quality fuels
After Market Additives and Oil Conditioners
Centralized Lubrication Systems: Types, Advantages and Disadvantages
Basic System Components
Two Basic Types of Indirect Systems
System Variations
Dual Line, parallel
Single Line, parallel
Reversing flow, single line, series
Single point, cartridge, direct system
Air Activated Centralized Oil Lubrication Systems
Oil Mist
Mist nozzles
Spray nozzles
Condensing nozzles
Advantages of Oil Mist Systems
Disadvantages of Oil Mist Systems
Air Oil
Advantages of Air-Oil Systems
Disadvantages of Air-Oil Systems
Operating Temperatures and Lubricant Selection
Boundary lubrication conditions
Hydrodynamic lubrication conditions
Elastohydrodynamic lubrication conditions
Physical characteristics
Pour point
Viscosity index (VI)
Base oil type
Chemical characteristics
Anti-wear additives
Extreme pressure additives
Viscosity index improvers
Temperature limits for Use of Seals and 0-Ring materials
Oil Seal Selection, Maintenance and Fluid Compatibility
The Sealing Concept
Types of Seals
Static Seal
Dynamic seals
Rotary Seals
Oil Seal Selection Factors
A Guide to Proper Seal Selection
Causes of Seal Failure
Bearings and Their Lubrication
Lubricant Analysis, Testing Techniques and Case Histories

Types of Lubrication
Boundary Lubrication
Hydrodynamic Lubrication
Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
SAE Oil Viscosity Classifications
Multi-Viscosity or Multi-Grade Oil
SAE Crankcase Oil Viscosity Classification System
API Quality Service Classifications
The API Engine Service Classifications
"S"-Service Classifications for Gasoline Engines
"C"-Commercial Classifications for Diesel Engines
Combined API Service Classifications
Oil Consumption
Fuel Economy
Engine Oils and Additives
Anti-Wear Agents
Viscosity Index Improvers
Rust Inhibitors
Anti-Foaming Agents
Friction Modifiers
Pour Point Depressants
Corrosion Inhibitors
Natural Gas Engine Lubrication
Valve recession
Ash deposits
Air/Fuel Ratios
Timely Oil Drains Provide a Long-Term Solution
Rail Road and Marine Engines
Automatic Transmission and Tractor Fluids
Hydraulic Mineral Oils and Additives
Compatibility of Hydraulic Oils
Industrial Oils and Additives
Physical Characteristics
Viscosity Index
Pour Point
Flash Point
Neutralization Number

Chemical Characteristics and Additives
Rust/Corrosion Inhibitors
Oxidation Inhibitors
Anti-Foaming Agents
Viscosity index Improvers
Pour Point Depressants
Anti-Wear Additives
Extreme Pressure

Quality Indicators and Laboratory Tests
Oxidaiton Stability
Foam Test
Copper Corrosion
Wear Test
EP Test
Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluids, Application and Maintenance
What are Biodegradable Hydraulic Fluids?
Why use Biodegradable Hydraulic Lubricants?
Cleaning and Flushing Techniques for Conversion
Monitoring the Condition of Biodegradable Fluids in Service
General Maintenance Practices for Hydraulic Systems

Automotive Gear Oils, ISO Viscosity Classifications and Additives
EP Oils
Non EP Oils
Compounded Gear Oils
Some Limitations of Existing EP Oil Technology
Gear Types
Fire Resistant Fluids, Types, Application and Maintenance Considerations
Oil-in-water Emulsions (ISO HFA)
Water-in-Oil Emulsions (ISO HFB)
Water-Glycol Fluids (ISO HFX)
Synthetic Fire Resistant Fluids (ISO HFD)
Considerations When Converting to Fire Resistant Fluids
Precautions for the Prevention of Hydraulic System Fires

Machine Tool Lubricants and Metal Working Oils
Machine Tool Operations
Cold Heading
Roll Forming
Lubricant Types
Straight Oils
Soluble Oils
Way Lubrication
Metal Working Lubricant Additives
Base Oil Refining and Re-Refining of Used Oils
Atmospheric Distillation
Sulfuric Acid/clay refining
Solvent Extraction
Catalytic Hydrogenation or hydrotreating

Synthetic Lubricants, Mineral/Synthetic Oil Comparisons
Alkylated Aromatics
Dibasic Acid Esters
Neopentyl Poly Esters
Phosphate Esters
Silicate Esters
Polyphenyl Ethers
Solid Lubricants, Unique Solutions for Unique Problems
Selection of Lubricant
Application of Solid Lubricants
Binder Selection
Methods of Application
Grease, an Introduction
Grease Grade Selection and Application Guidelines
Rolling element bearings
Journal Bearing
Relubrication Intervals
Relubrication Amounts
Temperature Considerations
Contamination and Water
Turbines and Turbine Oils
Gas Turbines
Steam Turbines
Turbine Lubrication Systems
Film Strength
Resistance to Oxidation
Protection Against Rusting
Water-Separating Ability
Resistance to Foaming
Independent Purification
Batch Purification
Placing "Annual Tenders" is a Costly and Outdated Practice

Types of Wear and Their Causes

Lubricant Storage, Safety and Environmental Considerations

An Introduction to Analytical Trouble Shooting

So You want to Become a Certified Lubrication Specialist


Glossary of terms/Index

List of Illustrations/Figures/Tables